Lilium superbum - Linnaeus
Liliaceae (Lily) Family
Plant is an upright, smooth perennial from a bulb. Preferred habitat is rich woods, roadsides and moist ravines. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves are in whorls of 5 - 20 per node; lance-like to elliptic; entire.
Flowers are a terminal panicle of one to twenty flowers; perianth parts separate to base; orange to reddish-orange, spotted toward the base. Strongly reflexed. Flowers occur in late spring and early summer.
Fruit is a capsule.
The bulb was used by Indians for soup making and seasoning stew and meat dishes, nearly driving the plant to extinction. Turks Cap has been making tremendous strides to stabilize in the last 30 - 40 years. A close relative, Tiger Lily, has been extremely helpful to distract the collector while the native plant makes a valiant recovery.