Eyebane - Nodding Spurge - Broomspurge
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Family
The leaves are opposite on the stem with short leaf
stalks. The margins are smooth or irregularly serrate. The lower
surface is light green, while the upper surface may have a red
blotch in the middle. A few fine hairs may occur near the base
of each leaf.
The plant is branched, upright or sprawling annual (rarely
prostrate) with smooth or hairy stems. The stems are often pinkish
red, round, and hairless, except for a few fine hairs on new
growth. A milky sap exudes from a wounded stem or leaf. Its preferred
habitat is waste places, open areas, fields and meadows. Distribution
is throughout the Escambia region.
Fruit is smooth; the seeds obtusely angled with 5 to 9
faint ripples on the surface.
The flowers (cyathia) consists of a small cyanthium on
a straight stalk. Usually, several cyathia develop near the ends
of each major stem when a plant is mature. The flower is a small
cup-like structure containing the pistillate flower and one or
more staminate flowers. There are no true petals or sepals. The
flower is initially green, but often turns red in bright sunlight.
Flowers occur in late summer and early autumn.
Wild turkey is known to feed on the seeds.