In Alabama the White Fringed Orchid occurs
primarily in the southernmost counties; growing in wet open habitats
such as pitcher plant bogs, pine flatwoods, seeps, and moist
roadsides. It is a perennial from thick, cord-like roots. There
is usually a single stem from each root mass. The stems are from
1-3 feet in height; green in color, slightly ribbed and smooth.
The leaves are alternate, elliptic to lance-elliptic
in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are reduced
in size upwards on the stem, and are often strongly keeled.
The flowers are produced in a terminal
raceme. Flowers are resupinate (upside down), white in color,
and have a long cylindrical spur. The lip petal is large and
fringed along its margins.
Fruit is a capsule with many dust-like
Because of its size and color, the White
Fringed Orchid is easy to spot when in flower.
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