Wild Bergamot
Appalachian Bergamot - Wild Bergamot - Mint Leaf Beebalm - Beebalm - Horsemint
Monarda fistulosa Var: mollis
Lamiaceae (Mint) Family

Plant is an upright, smooth to hairy perennial. Its preferred habitat is prairies, roadsides, woodland edges and wooded slopes. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are opposite on the stem; consisting of one whole part; egg-shaped to lance-like; forms an angle to the left and sometimes pinched at tip; margins are toothed; leaf base is squared or sometimes slightly heart-shaped and attached to the stem between lobes.

Flowers are in a terminal head subtended by whitish to pale pink bracts; calyx is symmetrical; corolla is pink, purple, or occasionally white, with lower lip spotted with dark purple. Flower has two stamens that extend beyond the corolla. Flowers occur in the summer.

Fruit is oval-shaped with two or more seed chambers.

A tea made from the leaves has been used for treating colic.

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