Wild Petunia
Carolina Wild Petunia - Common Wild Petunia - Hairy Wild Petunia
Ruellia caroliniensis
Acanthaceae (Acanthus) Family

Plant is an upright, hairy perennial. Preferred habitat is dry woods, fields, prairies and roadsides. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are opposite on the stem; stalked; egg-shaped to lance-like; widest at the middle; tapering to the tip or nearly rounded; no teeth and no lobes. Leaf base is wedge-shaped.

Flower is in the leaf axil; bisexual; symmetrical in form and funnel-shaped. Calyx is five-lobed; corolla has five unequal lobes; four stamens. Color is blue to light purple, or occasionally pink or white. Flowering occurs throughout the summer and into autumn.

Fruit is a capsule.

A similar species, R. humilis, has leaves without leaf stalk, and the main stem is usually reclining; taking root at the leaf nodes.

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