Winged Sneezeweed - Purple Head Sneezeweed
Helenium flexuosum Rafinesque
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family\

Plant is an upright, smooth, branching perennial. Preferred habitat is roadsides, woodland edges, fields and ditches. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are alternate; consisting of one whole part; widest at the middle; oblong to
lance-like. Margins are toothed or smooth. Lower leaves graduate to a narrow base. Upper leaves are smaller; no leaf stalk with bases extending downward beyond the point of attachment, thus forming wings on the stem.

Flowers are terminal, solitary head on a stalk; symmetrical in form. Disc flowers are bisexual and reddish. Ray flowers are female; three lobed at the tip and yellow. Flowers occur in the spring and summer.

Fruit is achene.

Two similar sneeze weeds, H. autumnale and H. amarum, have yellow disc flowers.

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