Eastern Oxeye - Eastern Sunflower Everlasting - False Sunflower -
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family
Plant is an upright, mostly smooth perennial from a rhizome
from which new growth emerges. Preferred habitat is woodland
edges and rich thickets. Distribution is
Leaves are opposite; consisting of one whole part; stalked; lance-like; forming an angle to the left, with margins toothed and base wedge-shaped to nearly rounded. Leaves may also be smooth or rough to the touch.
Flowers are solitary at the end of a flower stalk; symmetrical in shape. Disc flowers are bisexual and yellow. Ray flowers are also bisexual; numerous and yellow; thus, the plant is not a true sunflower. Flowers occur in the spring and summer.
Fruit is achene.
This sunflower is fairly recent in our area; once felt to exist outside our range from New England south to Georgia and westward to Oklahoma thence north to the Dakotas. It was generally seen as a hybrid of the 20 plus species of deep south sunflowers until 1983 when it was determined to be the same as the Woodland Ox-Eye,