Woodland Sunflower is an upright smooth perennial with
long rhizomes; 3 to 5 feet tall, branched or unbranched. Its
preferred habitat is open pinelands and the edge of swamps and
marshes. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
The leaves are opposite on the stem, linear to lance-like
or oblanceolate; rough above, smooth and resin-dotted below,
downy. Each leaf tapers to a long point, and the base is rounded
or slightly wedge-shaped. The margins are slightly serrate. Leaf
stalks are short.
The flowers are solitary heads at the end of a flowering
stem. Bracts supporting the flower appear in several series,
lance-like with hairy margins. The ray flowers are yellow, distinctly
veined and bisexual in nature. Disk flowers are dark purple,
also bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form. Flowers occur
in the summer.
Fruit is a seed which outer layer is fused to it (achene).