Wrinkle Leaf Goldenrod - Rough-leaf Goldenrod
Northern Roughleaf Goldenrod - Swamp Goldenrod - Elm-leaf Goldenrod)
Solidago rugosa Miller
Syn: Solidago patula, Var: strictula
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family


To identify the Wrinkled Goldenrod, look for a tall upright perennial plant; smooth to hairy stems; freely branched upward the stem;  Pre- ferred habitat is stream banks and moist woods. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region, except directly at seashore.

The leaves are elm-like and rough to the touch; widest at the middle (elliptic); short leaf stalks; toothed margins; sunken veins; wrinkled in appearance. Leaf base graduates to a wedge shape. Tip is pointed and curved at slightly less than a right angle.  Basal leaves are large.

Flowers are typical goldenrod in a panicle at the end of the flowering stem; symmetrical in shape and arrangement. Disc flowers are bisexual and yellow. Ray flowers are yellow and female only.   Flowers occur in early autumn.

Fruit is an achene (outer layer is fused to the seed).

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