Common Winter Cress - Garden Yellow Rocket - Bitter Winter Cress
Brassica nigra - (Linnaeus) K. Koch
Brassicaceae [Cruciferae] (Mustard) Family
Plant is an upright, branching, smooth annual or biennial. Its preferred habitat is roadsides, fields, and pastures. distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
The leaves are basal and alternate on the stem, consisting of one whole part, stalked, reduced in size upward the stem. The basal leaves are dissected or lobed.
Flowers are raceme, bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form. Each four has four sepals and four petals. The color is yellow; six stamens. Flowers occur in the spring.
Fruit is silique or silicle.
Yellow Rocket/Black Mustard is believed to be native to southern Europe and Asia. It has been cultivated for thousands of years for its seed, which are used as a spice.