Goldmoss - Mossy Stonecrop - Biting Stonecrop - Wallpepper
Crassulaceae (Stonecrop) Family
Stonecrop is an upright, hairy, succulent perennial. Its preferred habitat is bogs and marshy areas.
The leaves are alternate on the stem, simple in form (one part), sessile (no leaf stalk), elliptic to cylindrical in shape, fleshy, no teeth and no lobes.
The flowers are terminal in a 2- to 5-forked cyme. Each flower is bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form, subtended by leafy bract. There are 5 sepals; 10 petals that are yellow in color; 5 stamens. Flowers occur in late spring.
Fruit is a follicle.
Of interest: Stonecrop can survive in arid locales as well as moist areas, including deserts, rocky shores, tundra, and dry spots in otherwise congenial climates because their fleshy leaves store water. In addition, the pores of their leaves follow an unusual schedule of opening and closing, one that is the reverse of the general rule. they open at night to admit the carbon dioxide needed for growth, then close during the day to prevent water loss. So effective is this system of conservation that many species are known as live-forevers. the leaves stay fresh long after the plants have been picked.